Dyslexia Characteristics

The following are the reading/spelling characteristics of dyslexia:

  • Difficulty reading words in isolation;
  • Difficulty accurately decoding unfamiliar words;
  • Difficulty with oral reading (slow, inaccurate, or labored);
  • Difficulty spelling.

The reading/spelling characteristics are most often associated with the following:

  • Segmenting, blending, and manipulating sounds in words (phonemic awareness);
  • Learning the names of letters and their associated sounds;
  • Holding information about sounds and words in memory (phonological memory);
  • Rapidly recalling the names of familiar objects, colors, or letters of the alphabet (rapid naming).

Consequences of dyslexia may include the following:

  • Variable difficulty with aspects of reading comprehension;
  • Variable difficulty with aspects of written language;
  • Limited vocabulary growth due to reduced reading experiences.